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大學生就業難原因

作者: admin來源: 網絡文章 時間: 2018-09-01

As an economic rule goes, when supply outweighs demand, the price decreases. The same seems true for the current situation for college graduates. Since 1999, the central government has implemented the Grand College Enrollment Plan, with the total number of college graduates on the increase in the following years. But the boomed economy does not provide enough jobs for those graduates coming out at a time. Therefore, many people reason that college graduates are not as competent as before for many of them have difficulties in finding jobs. But I disagree with this conclusion.

從經濟規律上來說,當供過于求時,價格上漲。這樣的理論同樣適用于當今的大學生。從1999年以來,政府實行了大學擴招計劃,隨后的幾年,大學畢業生的數量逐年上升。但是,增長的經濟并沒有給這些應屆生帶來足夠的工作機會。所以,許多人認為應屆生沒有了以往的能力,許多應屆生找不到工作。但是,我不同意這樣的結論。

Firstly, admittedly, there are some college graduates who are not competent, but these students can not represent all the students. Due to the Grand College Enrollment Plan, more and more high school students have access to the higher education. Inevitably, the standard has been lowered; otherwise, university can not admit so many applicants. While those smart students in high schools are more likely to have excellent performance, other not-so-good students would have difficulties in college learning. As a result, those graduates with bad performance in college can not demonstrate the value of higher learning to the society and hence they gradually form the incompetent image of college graduates.

首先,毋庸置疑,許多大學畢業生沒有足夠的技能,但是我們不能以偏概全。由于大學擴招政策,越來越多的高中生接受了高等教育。不可避免的是,大學的水平降低了;否則,大學不能夠招收這么多的學生。那些高中的好學生更有可能發揮出色,許多中等學生會發現大學的學習很困難。所以,那些大學學習不好的應屆生就不能向社會展示高等教育的價值,所以,他們也造就了大學畢業生沒能力的事實。

Secondly, those who hold this negative opinion do not take the social context into consideration. As is known, in the period when China carried out planned economic policies, college graduates did not need to worry about their jobs, for “iron-bowls” waited for them after graduation. But after the reform of higher education, college graduates have to find jobs for themselves. When hundreds of thousands of graduates compete for a limited number of job vacancies, there are inevitably many who can not procure ideal jobs.

第二,那些持消極觀念的人并沒有把社會的因素考慮在內。眾所周知,在中國實施計劃經濟時期,大學畢業生不需要擔心他們的工作問題,畢業以后,他們就會有所謂的“鐵飯碗”。但是高等教育改革以后,應屆生必須自己尋找工作。數十萬畢業生競爭那有限的職位時,就會有人不能獲得他們理想的工作,這是不可避免的。

Besides, employment is always influenced by global and national economy. When economy slows down, the corporate world would not recruit as many employees as before. For example, in 2009, many college graduates, from both prestigious universities and less-known universities, have difficulties in hunting jobs. In this sense, it is not college graduates that are incompetent, instead, it is the social context that is unfavorable to college graduates.

此外,就業總是受全球和國內經濟的影響。當經濟下滑時,世界上的企業將不能雇傭向以前一樣多的員工。例如2009年,許多來自名牌大學和普通大學的應屆生,都很難找到工作。從這一點看,并不是大學學生的能力問題,而是社會因素對應屆生不利。因素導致結果,人們不能在沒有考慮各方名因素的情況下做出結論。否則,人們就犯了還原論者的錯誤。在這一事件中,那些認為大學生沒有以前的學生有能力這一論斷就是犯了這樣的錯誤。他們僅僅把畢業生找工作難歸咎于無能力,而并沒有考慮社會和經濟的情況。

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